It is difficult to predict how infectious diseases will respond to an economic crisis. The response depends on the presence of foci of infection and the means of transmission (such as insect vectors) in a population, as well as the extent to which investment in public health surveillance and control is maintained. Well-documented outbreaks in some of the countries that have experienced the deepest austerity measures include the re-emergence of malaria and transmission of dengue fever (Bonovas et al. 2012). Greece has seen a major upsurge in HIV infections among intravenous drug users, coinciding with substantial reductions in funding for needle exchange programmes (ECDC 2012)


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